Much of Africa’s volcanic activity is concentrated along the immense 6000 km long crack in the earth’s surface known as the Great Rift Valley. Great Rift Valley is great because it is extensive and it was formed by the sinking and tearing apart of the earth. The largest valley on the earth, the Great Rift Valley is one of the planet’s most outstanding features. The Great Rift Valley is not just a subject on the geographical maps. It has already entered into the history looks as it holds the key to our past and the existence of early man on the continent. It is in the Alluvial Gorge (Kenya). In Melka Kunture and Hadar (Afar region) that the bones of our earliest ancestors like “Lucy” were found. It is as if the land broke apart in a rift to display its riches. Ethiopia is often referred to as the “water tower” of eastern Africa because of the many rivers that pour of its high tableland. The Rift valley’s passage through Ethiopia marked by chain of seven lakes fed by different rivers. Each of the seven lakes has its own attractions. The lakes shelter different species of birds and many wild animals. The rift valley is also a habitat for a variety of flora and fauna.
Explore The Great Rift Valley Systems, lakes and Tribes within Ethiopia.
Lake Ziway, Lake Langano, Lakes Abijiata and Shalla, Awassa, Abaya and Chamo, Arba Minch, River Omo, Konso, Yabello, Chew bet, Mega, Moyale, Debluck, Mago Park, Hamer, Mursi, Surma, Turmi, Karo, Arbore,Erbore Tribes, Dassench, Jinka, Maji, Tulgit, Kibish, Donga fighting Omo Park and more sights in the Omo Valley of Ethiopia
is also a freshwater lake, and it has five islands of which one is said to have housed the Ark of the Covenant during 16century in order to protect it from an Islamic warrior named Gragn as nickname. The lake is fed by the Meki and Katar Rivers, but does not always have an outflow; sometimes it overflows into Lake Abiata. The lake has plenty of hippo in it, and has a healthy population of birds. With large numbers of Tilapia nilotica, a fish that can weigh up to 1.5 kg, the fishing industry does well here and the fish are served fresh in many of the restaurants in the nearby town. The fish also attract a large number of water-associated birds, which can be seen in the reed-lined fringes of the lake. Lake Abiata is to the south of Lake Ziway, and to the north there are a number of hot springs which are important to the locals, and are also a popular tourist attraction. The lake is saline, and has recently undergone a decline in water level. This has resulted in the loss of fish-eating birds as the fish have died, but an increase in algae-eating birds such as greater and lesser flamingos.
Lake Langano is located 212 km South of Addis Ababa. It is a sand beach, popular resort for swimming aquatic sports, sunbathing camping and bird watching. The western side of the lake is covered with a thin acacia while the eastern shore is partially covered by dense forest patches.
is the most studied of the Rift Valley Lakes in Ethiopia, and it is a freshwater lake which indicates that even though it does not have a visible outlet, the water must leave through a subterranean outlet. Set in a volcanic crater, it has an abundance of plankton and fish, and supports a large city of the same name that has grown up on its edges. With a mountainous backdrop and beautiful vegetation, this is a beautiful lake to spend a night by. There is also a dyke which was built to stop flooding, which is perfect for bird watching – walking along it, fish eagle, black-winged lovebirds, yellow-fronted parrots and Ethiopian oriole are a few of the many species of birds that can be seen.